OBJEK ARKEOLOGI DI KECAMATAN LEUWIDAMAR: INDIKASI KEBERADAAN KOTA TUA PADA ABAD XIX OBJECT OF ARCHAEOLOGY IN DISTRICT OF LEUWIDAMAR: INDICATION ON THE EXISTENCE OF THE OLD TOWN CENTURY XIX

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Lia Nuralia

Abstract

ABSTRACTDistrict of Leuwidamar, Regency of Lebak, Province of Banten storing historical evidence of the existence of the old town in the early nineteenth century. The historical evidence is marked by the discovery of some archaeological objects that have a high historical and architectural value. Of which the former office building Kawedanaan Leuwidamar, foundation Leuwidamar former prison building, the tomb of Muslim missionaries Ki Derus great-grandfather, and former Old Bridge Cisimeut building. The archaeological remains have been found through a survey method. History information obtained through interviews and literature. Through direct observation it can be said that the four archaeological object is a component of the old city buildings. Then the former office building Kawedanaan Leuwidamar have characteristics architectural style trend in the nineteenth century, The Empire Style, with a symmetrical layout, pyramid-roofed one-story building, following the north-south axis of the shaft, and the use of poles and pilasters. Historical records mention that in 1828, Lebak District Parahiang (Leuwidamar) serve as the capital of Lebak regency until 1843. Keywords: archaeological objects, District of Leuwidamar, the old town ABSTRAKKecamatan Leuwidamar, Kabupaten Lebak, Provinsi Banten menyimpan bukti sejarah tentang keberadaan kota tua wal abad XIX. Bukti sejarah tersebut ditandai dengan ditemukannya beberapa objek arkeologi yang memiliki nilai sejarah dan arsitektur tinggi. Di antaranya bangunan bekas Kantor Kawedanaan Leuwidamar, pondasi bekas bangunan penjara, makam penyebar agama Islam Ki Buyut Derus, dan bekas bangunan Jembatan Kuno Cisimeut. Tinggalan arkeologis ini berhasil ditemukan melalui metode penelitian survei. Informasi mengenai sejarahnya diperoleh melalui wawancara dan studi literatur. Melalui pengamatan langsung dapat dikatakan bahwa keempat objek arkeologi tersebut merupakan bangunan komponen kota tua. Kemudian bangunan bekas Kantor Kawedanaan Leuwidamar memiliki ciri-ciri gaya arsitektur yang trend pada abad XIX, The Empire Style, dengan denah simetris, bangunan satu lantai beratap limas, mengikuti sumbu poros utara-selatan, dan penggunaan tiang dan pilaster. Catatan sejarah menyebutkan bahwa pada tahun 1828, Distrik Lebak Parahiang (Leuwidamar) dijadikan sebagai ibukota Kabupaten Lebak sampai tahun 1843.Kata Kunci : objek arkeologi, Kecamatan Leuwidamar, kota tua

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How to Cite
Nuralia, L. (2016). OBJEK ARKEOLOGI DI KECAMATAN LEUWIDAMAR: INDIKASI KEBERADAAN KOTA TUA PADA ABAD XIX OBJECT OF ARCHAEOLOGY IN DISTRICT OF LEUWIDAMAR: INDICATION ON THE EXISTENCE OF THE OLD TOWN CENTURY XIX. PURBAWIDYA: Jurnal Penelitian Dan Pengembangan Arkeologi, 2(2), 151–162. https://doi.org/10.24164/pw.v2i2.45
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