KETERKAITAN JALUR KERETA API BATAVIA – CILACAP DENGAN SISTEM PERTAHANAN HINDIA BELANDA DI PULAU JAWA The Relation between The Railway Routes of Batavia - Cilacap And The Defense System of Dutch Colonial Government in Java Island

Iwan Hermawan

Abstract


Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to explain the relations between Railway Network with the defense of the Dutch colonial government in Java. Descriptive studies were used for this paper. Data collection was conducted through literature review, maps review, and surveys. The main purpose of the Railway Network construction is for the benefit of transporting crops. In addition, it is also directed to military purposes, as part of a military defense strategy on the island of Java. After Bandung became center of the Dutch defense in Java, the existence of the railway transport modes have strategic value. Its presence supports the mobility of military forces, supplies and equipment for war. For certain conditions and emergency, train was used to evacuate civilians and government to a safe and protected place.

 

Keywords: railways, military strategy, mass transit

 

Abstrak

Tujuan penulisan ini adalah mengungkapkan keterkaitan antara jaringan jalan kereta api dengan pertahanan pemerintah kolonial Belanda di pulau Jawa. Pendekatan Deskriptif digunakan pada tulisan ini. Pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui kegiatan studi pustaka, studi peta, dan survei. Analisis data dilakukan dengan menggunakan pendekatan keruangan. Pembangunan jaringan kereta api bertujuan utama untuk memperlancar lalu lintas barang dan jasa. Keberadaannya juga memiliki arti penting dalam sistem pertahanan pulau Jawa. Kereta api merupakan angkutan massal bagi prajurit dan persenjataan ke medan perang. Pada kondisi darurat, kereta api juga merupakan sarana transportasi untuk mengevakuasi warga sipil dan pemimpin pemerintahan ke tempat pengungsian yang terlindung dan aman.

 

Kata  kunci : jalan kereta api, strategi militer, angkutan massal




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24164/pw.v3i2.41

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