PENELITIAN BARU ARKEOMETALURGI DI INDONESIA JEJAK PENGERJAAN LOGAM KUNO DI HULU SUNGAI BARITO KALIMANTAN TENGAH

Hartatik Hartatik, Harry Sofian

Abstract


Archaeometallurgy research and data related to ancient metals working in Kalimantan  are limited, even never doing research for archaeometallurgy. This paper will discuss the ancient metalworking traces in the upper Barito watershed (Montalat River and Teweh River), and how are the ancient metalworking techniques carried out by the people in the Barito upstream and their relation to the blacksmith's tradition? This aims to find out the evidence of ancient metal work and explain the metalworking techniques carried out by the people in the Barito upstream in the past and its relationship to the blacksmith. Data collection in the field is carried out by survey and excavation techniques, with artefactual analysis, mineral nalysis with X-RF (X-Ray Fluorescence), and ethnoarchaeological approaches. This  research had result   evidence of metalworking activities buren toponymies, raw material, slag, furnace, and tuyere. Ancient metalworking techniques began with the search for iron ore, preparing materials, melting iron ore  to separate raw materials and slag, and finally forge iron to be tools. Iron smelting has been abandoned four generations ago. Now, there is a blacksmith who is the final part of metal  working.

 

Keywords: iron, buren, slag, bloomery furnace


Keywords


iron, buren, slag, bloomery furnace

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24164/pw.v7i2.267

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