EKSPLOITASI SUIDAE PADA KALA HOLOSEN DI LIANG PANNININGE, MAROS, SULAWESI SELATAN

A Muh Saiful, Anggraeni Anggraeni

Abstract


Liang Panningnge, one of cave sites in Maros Region, South Sulawesi, provides information about the exploitation of animals especially pig (Suidae) by the cave inhabitants. The aims of this research are to know more about the behavior and subsistence strategy related to the existence of Suidae. The methods of analyses includes tafonomy analysis, species and element identifications, Number of Identified Specimen (NISP), Minimum Number of Individuals (MNI), Minimum Number of Elements (MNE), age of death, and Linear Enamel Hypoplasia (LEH) analyses. The results show that there were two species of Suidae that were consumed along the four occupation phases at  Liang Panningnge, i.e. Sus celebensis and Babyrousa celebensis. The existence of Toalean tools, especially Maros point and other stones points throughout the  habitation period show that both species of Suidae were hunted. Incomplete elements of each species show that the preys were possibly butchered inside and outside the site, and specific elements were shared among the group members. There was an indication of management or even domestication of Suidae as shown by the high index of LEH in the third phase. This notion is also supported by significant increase of juvenile and immature Suidae.



Keywords


Suidae, Toalean, Liang Panningnge, exploitation, domestication

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24164/pw.v8i2.306

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