Makna Ragam Hias Śaṅkha Bersayap Pada Candi Hindu Dan Budha

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Harriyadi Harriyadi

Abstract

A temple is a religious building that used by Hindu and Buddhist devotees to do religious practices. The architectural form of temple is made to resemble a mountain as symbol of the gods’ house. Each decorative ornament carved in a temple represents the natural environment of heaven and it has meaning which was related with religious aspect. One of the most interesting decorative ornament carved in temple is the winged śaṅkha which usually was used as an attribute of deity. The goal of this research is to explain the meaning of winged śaṅkha ornament in temple. This research was conducted by collecting winged śaṅkha ornaments in Hindu and Buddhist temples. Data will be described and analysis will be conducted by comparing the winged śaṅkha ornaments with its mythology in Indian culture. The results showed that the winged śaṅkha have correlation with water element which could bring fertility. Therefore, the winged śaṅkha, as a symbol of water, can bring fertility and welfare to communities of surrounding temple.

Article Details

How to Cite
Harriyadi, H. (2020). Makna Ragam Hias Śaṅkha Bersayap Pada Candi Hindu Dan Budha. PURBAWIDYA: Jurnal Penelitian Dan Pengembangan Arkeologi, 9(2), 113–130. https://doi.org/10.24164/pw.v9i2.377
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